Back in September 2007, by the order of the Ministry of Industry and Energy of the Russian Federation, the state Program for establishing a Unified System of Gas Production and Transportation and Gas Supply in Eastern Siberia and the Far East was established with account for potential gas exports to the markets of China and other countries in the Asia Pacific region (Eastern Gas Program). The Russian Federation Government instructed PJSC Gazprom to coordinate the activities related to the implementation of the Program. The Company formed an extensive resource base in the Russian East with new gas production centres which allowed to execute large-scale infrastructure projects.
In 2012, PJSC Gazprom made the investment decision with regard to field infrastructure development for the Chayanda (Yakutia) and Kovykta (the Irkutsk region) fields, Power of Siberia gas pipeline construction, as well as the construction of the Amur GPP in the Amur region.
In May 2014, PJSC Gazprom and China National Petroleum Corporation signed a Gas Sales and Purchase Agreement for gas to be supplied via the eastern route.
In May 2014, the order on practical implementation of PJSC Gazprom investment projects was signed in order to supply gas to China and an integrated action plan was approved. The plan included development of the Yakutsk and Irkutsk gas production centres, construction of the Power of Siberia gas pipeline and the Amur Gas Processing Plant designed to extract valuable components (helium and ethane, in particular) from gas.
On July 3, 2014, an entry was made in the Unified State Register of Legal Entities on establishment of Gazprom Pererabotka Blagoveshchensk LLC, the investor and owner of the Amur Gas Processing Plant construction project. Gazprom Pererabotka Blagoveshchensk, LLC, is a subsidiary of Gazprom Pererabotka LLC and member of Gazprom Group.
On October 14, 2015, the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin launched the project, and the first “golden pile" was sunk during the ceremony.
On February 29, 2016, Gazprom Pererabotka Blagoveshchensk was assigned with the role of the Amur Gas Processing Plant operator under the order of PJSC Gazprom.
On August 3, 2017, the first foundation of the Amur Gas Processing Plant was built. The event was attended by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin and Chairman of the Management Committee of PJSC Gazprom Alexey Miller.
During the period from 2015 to 2018, site preparation was completed, infrastructure was prepared for full-scale construction: 27 km of access roads were completed, temporary jetty on the river Zeya was built, temporary shift camps with all the infrastructure were built, railroad track from the Trans-Siberian railway to the site of the plant with a length of 17.5 km was built.
In December 2019, Gazprom and Gazprom Pererabotka Blagoveshchensk signed a deal to raise project financing totaling 11.4 billion euros for construction of the Amur Gas Processing Plant. The funds are provided by 22 European, Asian and Russian banks.
At the same time, construction of the key process facilities of the Amur Gas Processing Plant was in progress during 2018 to 2020. As of January 2021, the four process lines of the Amur Gas Processing Plant are fully equipped with the key large-sized units. More than 60 contractors work at the construction site. Total number of the construction personnel is over 30 thousand people. Overall progress on the project for construction of the new gas processing plant in December 2020 was 70.5%.
Amur GPP construction site in 2021.
The first start-up complex (the first two production lines, as well as the helium purification and liquefaction unit) is scheduled to start operating in Q2 2021.